Fossil - Defense with blunt apex


Reign: Animalia
Phylum/Division: Chordata (Vertebrata)
Classa: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Scientific name: Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach, 1799)

Geological age

Geochronology (Chronostratigraphy)

Eon (Eontema): Phanerozoic
Era (Eratema): Cenozoic
Period (System): Neogene
Epoca (Serie): Upper Pleistocen
Other chronological subdivisions: Pleistocene superiore, Musteriano

Description: The mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius, is the most important animal of the European Pleistocene. Mammoths were painted by Paleolithic men on cave walls, and has come down to us well preserved in the frozen mud of Siberia and Alaska. In Western Europe it appeared during the second last ice age (Riss) and became extinct towards the end of the last ice age (Würm). The woolly mammoth, about 2.90 meters tall, was coated with a thick fur of long, brown hair; under the skin had a thick insulating layer of fat, and big and had long curved tusks (2-3 meters) that could be used to clear the snow to rech the low plants they ate. It was a very specialized animal, and in the warm periods followed the withdrawal of glacier fronts. The Italian finds (Asolo, Vidor, etc ...) correspond to a maximum of expansion of the species to the most western and southern areas of its distribution. The environment had to be steppe-like, sometimes wooded steppe, with limited wetter areas near waterways.


Continent/Subcontinent: Europe
State: Italy
Region: Veneto
Province: Treviso
Municipality: Asolo
Place: Erega

Università degli Studi di Padova, Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia

Item code: 25027


  • Reggiani P., Sala B., 1992 - I Mammut del Veneto. Mem. Sci. Geol., 44: 171-191, figg. 18, tabb. 5.